A Trip to the Moon

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voyage1.jpg

(1902, directed by Georges Méliès)

- inducted 2018 –

“Several years ago, just before her ninth birthday, my daughter got her first taste of pioneering filmmaker George Méliès on the big screen—his mind-boggling short Un homme de têtes (1898), also known as Four Heads are Better Than One, in which an illusionist decapitates himself three times and performs a song with the detached noggins, and, of course, his most famous leap of imagination, Le voyage dans da lune (A Trip to the Moon).

“She was well familiar with modern movie trickery by then, of course, but only just beginning to dip her toes into the vast sea of film history, so she was perhaps more open than most kids her age to the prospect of sitting through what even many adults might consider merely a museum piece. I was thrilled with the excitement of her response to Méliès’ work, and whenever I see A Trip to the Moon I think of how receptive she was, and what it must have been like for people in 1902 to see this sort of magic, to see things they’d never seen, unfold before them through this magical new medium. Audiences who were among the first to see Méliès’ masterpiece couldn’t help but have marveled at not only the whimsical strangeness of what they were seeing, but also at how they could have been seeing it.

“I often suspect (fear) that the overreliance on CGI in modern filmmaking (and our passive acceptance of it) has led to a conspicuous absence of wonder and speculative creativity, both in filmmakers and in audiences. But if there is any evidence in film history of imagination as pure creative fuel, as a ship capable of transporting audiences anywhere he wanted them to go, Méliès, especially in A Trip to the Moon, provide it without a moment’s hesitation, with the daring of true visionary inspiration. And the visions contained within it are many, especially for a film only 14 minutes long-- the multi-leveled backdrops which move and shift with dreamlike fluidity, constantly revealing surprises, like the most elaborate pop-up, pull-tab storybook conceivable; the impossible feats of travel achieved by a space capsule shot out of a cannon, a great interstellar bullet aimed directly (through a marvelous perspective rendering) straight at its lunar target; the chaotic scrambling of the film’s characters as they eagerly anticipate their journey to the moon, and then tumble madly from danger at the hands of the royal guard of moon-dwelling warriors they find inhabiting the surface; the incredible sight of one of these warriors jumping on the back of the ship just as it sails off a cliff toward the ocean below, where it will somehow find the power to propel its passengers back to terrestrial safety; and of course, the eerie beauty of Méliès’ firmament personified—the stars and planets above all fixed with the faces of those the travelers have left behind, calling them back with memory but also encouraging their hopeful exploration.

“One of the most famous images in film history is, of course, a similar personification—the moon itself seen as the ship approaches, the camera moving in slowly, reveals the story-time mythology of the Man in the Moon to be all too true. And when our intrepid travelers land on the surface, Méliès renders the event spectacularly, burying the ship in the Moon’s right eye, a great glob of (what else?) cheese erupting from the violated socket.

“Perhaps the most potent magic of A Trip to the Moon, certainly its greatest legacy for modern viewers, may be how effortlessly it transports the receptive audience back to a state where everything about the medium of motion pictures was new, marvelous, frightening, too much to process rationally. It leaves us in a mode of receptivity to the gorgeous, lunatic whims of its creator, to the true imaginative magic of seeing and believing, that should be the envy of anyone who, after having seen it, decides to try and tell a story on film. To be transported so wholly into the mind and spirit of a filmmaker is a true rarity, and Méliès set the bar very high very early. It’s no wonder that the trajectory of movie history, and its relentless pursuit of ever-greater levels of spectacle, of ‘realism,’ has had most filmmakers hightailing it in the opposite direction from Méliès’ stylistic marvel ever since. After all, such originality of creative inspiration, fabulous human ingenuity facilitated by emerging technology, can’t be chased or duplicated; it is, as A Trip to the Moon has testified for 116 years, a moonscape of never-before-seen sights all its own.”

~ Dennis Cozzalio

Original title: Le Voyage Dans la Lune
Produced by: Georges Méliès
Costume design by: Jeanne d’Alcy
2011 version score by Air (Jean-Benoît Dunckel and Nicolas Godin)

All other cast and crew not credited:
Principal cast: Victor André, Bleuette Bernon, Brunnet, Jehanne d’Alcy, Henri Delannoy, Delpierre, Farjaux, Kelm, François Lallement, Jean-Eugène Legris, Georges Méliès
Screenplay by: Georges Méliès
Based on the novels From the Earth to the Moon by Jules Verne and First Men in the Moon by H.G. Wells
Director of photography: Théophile Michault, Lucien Tainguy
Production design by: Georges Méliès
Film editing by: Georges Méliès

France
Duration: 13 minutes
Languages: Silent
Filmed in black and white
Sound mix: Silent
Aspect ratio: 1.33:1

Produced by Star Film Company
Premiered in France on September 1, 1902
USA release date: October 4, 1920

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